Study: Climbing Stairs Reduces the Risk of Cardiovascular and All-Cause Mortality

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In a significant development in the world of cardiovascular health, new research from the University of East Anglia and Norfolk and Norwich University Hospital Foundation Trust, presented at ESC Preventive Cardiology 2024, reveals that climbing stairs not only boosts physical fitness but also substantially reduces the risk of cardiovascular and all-cause mortality. This groundbreaking study, led by Sophie Paddock, MBBS, an interventional cardiologist, involved a comprehensive review of nine studies with data from 480,520 participants, culminating in a pooled analysis of five studies with 455,649 participants to meticulously examine the relationship between stair climbing and mortality.

The Impact of Stair Climbing on Health

The study's findings are both compelling and instructive. Dr. Paddock noted, "Our analysis highlights a striking correlation between regular stair climbing and a reduction in mortality risk. Specifically, individuals who engage in regular stair climbing activities see a 15% reduction in the risk of death from heart disease and a 12% reduction in the risk of death from any cause." These statistics not only underscore the effectiveness of stair climbing as a preventive measure against cardiovascular disease but also emphasize its broader benefits to overall longevity and health.

Why Stair Climbing?

Stair climbing is often touted as one of the best exercises for burning fat, strengthening the lower body, and enhancing cardiovascular health. The activity is a form of vigorous physical exercise that combines aerobic and anaerobic fitness, making it an excellent choice for improving heart function, respiratory capacity, and metabolic rate. "Climbing stairs demands more from your body than the average exercise because it combines cardiovascular and strength training in one seamless activity," explains Dr. Paddock.

The benefits of stair climbing extend beyond cardiovascular health. It also targets multiple muscle groups in the legs, including the glutes, hamstrings, quadriceps, and calves, providing a comprehensive lower-body workout that supports joint health and muscle tone. Additionally, stair climbing is a highly accessible form of exercise that can be easily incorporated into daily routines, requiring no special equipment or location.

Cardiovascular Health and Beyond

The advantages of regular physical activity on cardiovascular health are well-documented, but the specific benefits of stair climbing are particularly noteworthy. By increasing the heart rate and forcing the body to use oxygen more efficiently, stair climbing helps strengthen the heart muscle, thereby reducing the risk of heart disease and stroke. Furthermore, this form of exercise helps regulate blood pressure and cholesterol levels, which are significant factors in cardiovascular health.

Research and Recommendations

The pooled analysis by Dr. Paddock and her team adds a robust dimension to the existing body of research linking physical activity with reduced mortality rates. The study’s methodological rigor and expansive participant base lend credence to its findings, making a compelling case for the inclusion of stair climbing in public health recommendations.

Dr. Paddock advises, "Given the clear benefits demonstrated in our study, incorporating stair climbing into one’s daily routine can be a simple, yet powerful way to enhance one’s health and reduce mortality risk. It is especially beneficial for individuals who may find it difficult to carve out time for extended workout sessions."

Practical Applications

For individuals looking to integrate stair climbing into their lives, Dr. Paddock suggests starting with small steps. "Begin with one flight of stairs a day and gradually increase the number as you become more comfortable. Even a few minutes of stair climbing spread throughout the day can accumulate significant health benefits over time."


The study presented at ESC Preventive Cardiology 2024 by Dr. Sophie Paddock offers compelling evidence of the health benefits of stair climbing, particularly in the context of cardiovascular and all-cause mortality. As an exercise that is both accessible and effective, stair climbing represents a practical component of a holistic approach to physical fitness and health preservation. It is a reminder that sometimes the simplest activities can yield the most profound benefits.


Dr. Mark L. Meyer Dr. Meyer graduated from Haverford College with a Bachelor of Science, High Honors, in cellular and molecular biology, Phi Beta Kappa, Magna Cum Laude. He attended the Yale University School of Medicine, where he also completed a categorical residency in Internal Medicine, served for one year as an Emergency Department attending physician, and held the title of Clinical Instructor in the Department of Surgery. During this time, Dr. Meyer obtained a J.D. from the Yale Law School, concentrating on medical ethics, scientific research law, and FDA law. He then completed a fellowship in Cardiovascular Diseases at the Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, where he obtained Level 3 Nuclear Cardiology training.

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